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IBS(Institute for Basic Science)

Center for Integrated Nanostructure Physics (CINAP)
The understanding of how nanostructure materials such as quantum dots, nanowires, nanotubes, and graphene are grown from self-assembly of atoms and molecules and their fascinating new nanophysics, remains one of the unconquered frontier sciences.
 
The low dimensional materials can be easily hybridized to reveal multifunctional performance, which has never been realized in conventional approaches. Recent progress in ideal two-dimensional layered structures such as graphene, boron nitride, metal oxide, and their hybridization with zero- and/or one-dimensional nanostructures, has opened new exciting research areas in tunneling phenomena, enhanced carrier mobility; charge injection/extraction spectroscopy, thermoelectric, and photonic crystals.
 
Nevertheless, growth control of nanostructures and design of such hybrid structures are very challenging and often difficult tasks to attain intuition from a physics point of view. Because of this difficulty, research into nanostructure materials cannot be done in a small scale laboratory and require interdisciplinary collaboration from various disciplines of physics, chemistry, biology, and materials science and engineering.
 
Another difficulty arises from measurements. Since sizes of nanomaterials are supposed to be tiny, the signal to noise ratio is low which makes it difficult to measure unless the resolution of apparatus is improved. Furthermore, hybrid nanostructures require multimodal measurement tools in order to reveal multifunction. In this regard, it is necessary to develop a new system combined with several apparatus with high spatial resolution and high sensitivity.
Center for Neuroscience Imaging Research (CNIR)

As you all know, understanding brain function, structures, networks, and behaviors, is one of sciences' last and most daunting challenges.


Since the brain has over one hundred billion cells, all of which are highly organized into structure and inter-connected for efficient communication, it is extremely difficult and tedious to determine the relationship between structure and function, and to investigate the neural circuits of behaviors and underlying physiology in humans and animals.

 

To accelerate the progress of brain research, the CNIR relies on high-tech neuroimaging tools such as magnetic resonance imaging, multi-photon microscope, and electrode arrays to investigate the entire brain or large brain area.

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